Chris Lebeau was the son of Jacques Charles Lebeau, operator and retailer, and Gretel Scholte. Lebeau was born in a basement apartment in Amsterdam as the fourth and last child of the working class. Lebeau’s father was a socialist and accompanied him to the canvassing of the organ Law for All. On May 7, 1902 Lebeau married Anna M. Leverington, with whom he had a daughter. This marriage was dissolved on February 27, 1919. On May 7, 1932, he was a pretty wedding with Maria Sofia (Sof) Herman. On November 12, 1935 he married in London by Ilse Ruth Voigt. This marriage was dissolved by divorce on January 14, 1937.
Lebeau began training at the School of Applied Arts Quellinus Amsterdam from 1892 to 1895, then at the State School of Applied Arts in Amsterdam from 1895 to 1899. In 1904 he became a teacher at the Haarlem School of Applied Arts until 1914.
Lebeau was a very versatile artist, he created designs for linen for linen manufacturer of EJF Tiller in Eindhoven, glass Leerdam Glass Factory, was a painter at the pottery Haga in Purmerend and designed pottery at Amphora in Oegstgeest. In addition to designs for wallpaper, he was engaged in batik, painting, drawing, making bookplates and designing book covers and stamps, such as the well-known series among philatelists Flying dove. He also kept decors, posters and programs for Verkade Theater in The Hague where he was three years attached. After batik he worked with damask, graphic design, free graphics, stage sets, lithographs, chalk and pen drawings, glassware, stained-glass, wall paintings, woodcuts, sculptures and theater interiors. His applied work includes tablecloths, bookbinding and book design decorations, posters, cartoons, calendars, banners, catalogs and diplomas. His other work includes creating landscapes, still lifes and portraits.
Lebeau also worked as a teacher at an evening school in the Jordan, and from 1904 to 1914 at the School of Applied Arts in Haarlem and was there among others teacher Johan Briedé and a major inspiration for the Haarlem artists Ab (Albert) Loots and Jan Mooijman. In 1908, he worked for a while in Antwerp, and in 1914 he went a half in Indonesia troupe E. Verkade. The work of Lebeau is mainly decorative. Lebeau also made wall scenes in the wedding hall of the former Town Hall in the Princes (Amsterdam) (1927) and the Old Catholic Church in Leiden (1926-1928).
Lebeau professed beliefs with great vehemence. He called himself a religious anarcho-communist. He was co-founded in 1904 by the Dutch Association of Craftsmen and Industrial Arts (VANK).
After the National Socialists in 1933 in Germany were in power, Lebeau concluded a marriage with a German Jewish refugee. During the occupation, he used his artistic knowledge for falsifying documents. On November 3, 1943 he and his wife were arrested for helping Jewish Dutch. He could come in freedom if he promised to refrain from illegal work but he pointed out. Via Vught, where he had landed, on 24 February 1944 he was transferred to the Dachau concentration camp. On May 25, 1944 He died of exhaustion.
In the Drenthe Museum in Assen in 1987 a retrospective exhibition of his work held.