Charles Firmin Gillot, born 18 March 1853 in Paris and died 17 March 1903 in the capital, was a French inventor and collector. He is best known as a great collector of art objects from antiquity, medieval, Islamic - Syria, Mamluk, Iran - and 's Far East and especially arts Japan.
Son of the printer and inventor Firmin Gillot. In 1875 he opened a workshop in Paris and develops the process of photogravure in 1876, also known as the "gillotage." By this technique, which he filed a patent in 1877, he perfected the use of chemical etching invented by his father by applying to the reproduction of images (transfer of a photograph on a sheet of zinc).
Gillot’s collection is characterized by its great versatility. Known for its Asian objects, it also includes Islamic Antiquities - Syria, Egypt (Mamluk), Iran. His collection was put on auction in February 1904 in Paris. His collection then is given in part to the Louvre, then transferred to the Musée Guimet. The rest of his collection is dispersed until his death in April 1904. Some of the objects were acquired by his family, finally the remainder is sold by Christie's on 4 and 5 March 2008.