The Capitalis monumentalis is a Roman monumental writing from antiquity. It is also by primary writing material as lapidary (from Latin lapis "stone") and is a pure majuscule, focusing initially in the design of inscriptions has developed.
The proportions of the letters Capitalis monumentalis assume a square. The letters A, O, Q, and V correspond to exactly one square, and the rest are derived in a certain proportion of it. The proportions correspond to those of the capitalis quadrata with the difference that the letters lines Capitalis a different ductus own.
In the paleography and epigraphy both terms are distinguished only by their writing material: Capitalis quadrata (also Capitalis elegans) is in books - early on papyrus or parchment - used Capitalis monumentalis or Scriptura monumentalis on stone, metal, etc. The second variant of the Capitalis carries correspondingly different name: canonical capitalism (Capitalis rustica) in books, Scriptura actuaria in inscriptions.
The Capitalis monumentalis has only uppercase letters and no spaces between words or hyphenation.
Probably the best known surviving example of this script, which especially during the Renaissance was seen as worthy of imitation, is the inscription of Trajan's column from the second Century dar. Carol Twombly was inspired by the Capitalis monumentalis contribution to their font Adobe Trajan.