Pluralism in art refers to the nature of artforms and artists as diverse. The cultural context of art is all encompassing in its respect for the art of the world's cultures. Inclusion of individuals of differing ethnicities, genders, ideologies, abilities, ages, religions, economic status and educational levels is valued. Pluralism honors differences within and between equitable groups while seeing their commonalities.
Multicultural Perspectives: Multicultural perspectives in art pertains to an educational approach that celebrates the multiple heritages of artists and students of art. No individual group is seen as dominant or superior. All aspects of cultural diversity are acknowledged in multiculturalism.
Appreciation of Individual and Group Diversity: In building respect for diversity, prejudice and social inequities can be counteracted through appreciating individuals of differing ethnicities, genders, interests, abilities, and values. The art of various groups and subgroups within a culture should be shown and discussed from related viewpoints.
Cross-Cultural Dimensions: Each individual artist and student belongs to several overlapping cultures and subcultural groups. Art can communicate multiple identities within one culture as well as make cross-cultural comparisons. Artistic processes and products may also show cultural mixing (hand-colored computer images, photographs on ceramic tiles, ancient weaving patterns combined with contemporary symbols, etc.).
Transcending Stereotypes: In respecting cultural traditions and preserving group identities, broad generalizations and negative stereotypes are to be avoided. Individual differences within groups should be shown. Teachers may bring to the classroom a variety of individuals as guest speakers helping students find receptive enjoyment in new cultural viewpoints and friendships.