Arturo Ballester Marco was born in Valencia, Spain, and was an artist and illustrator known for his Spanish Civil War posters. He studied art at the School of Arts and Trades in the School of San Carlos in Valencia. Afterwards, Ballester worked as an illustrator for several Valencian magazines such as La Traca Nova, El Guante Blanco or Rondalles Noves.
The posters he made before and during the Spanish Civil War are considered some of his most important works and are among the most noted images from that conflict. He worked primarily for the CNT-FAI. This work include El País Valencià a l'Avantguarda d'Ibèria, Cómo Ayudar a los Hospitales de Sangre and Un Marino: un Héroe. His brother Vicente, also made posters during the civil war.